This delightful illustration of three Siamese cats staring intently at their target—a bowl with three fish—never would have come about without the efforts of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the Works Progress Administration.
Within the Works Progress Administration, there were several different programs creating employment opportunities through public works initiatives. One such program was the Federal Writers’ Project (or the FWP). It provided jobs to writers as well as librarians, clerks, researchers, editors, and more. It is estimated that over ten thousand people found employment through this specific project. Over its existence, the employees of the FWP produced thousands of publications ranging from state and city guides to local histories and ethnographies. Another series of works from the FWP were children’s books. While the books were intended to amuse and divert children’s attention from the hardships of daily life during the Great Depression, they also sought to teach facts, morality, and justice through simple, easy-to-read narratives, striking illustrations, and intriguing graphic design. One of these children’s books was Wilson Morris’s A Day With Bum; and the smart little fish, illustrated by Clyde A. Copson. It's Copson's signature that you'll spy in the lower right corner of this edition. The publication of the book was co-sponsored by the FWP and the New York City New Reading Materials Program, the latter having been created to improve the reading skills of the city’s youth. While other initiatives that worked with the FWP brought in commercial partners, the New York City Reading Materials Program self-published its 200-some titles in large editions, unfortunately relying on inexpensive and unstable paper and ink. The few copies that survive today exist mostly in public and academic libraries, and are often badly damaged due to the brittle and acidic paper used in their production. A Day with Bum; and the smart little fish now lives in the Rare Books Room at the main branch of the New York Public Library.